Top 100 Countries with Largest Gold Reserves

Golden Holdings: Exploring the World's Gold Reserves by Country

Gold has been a symbol of wealth and power for centuries, and its appeal transcends borders and cultures. Central banks and governments around the world maintain significant reserves of this precious metal, often as a safeguard against economic uncertainties. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of gold reserves and explore which countries have the most and the least.

Some key findings from the data include:

  • The United States is at the top and has the largest gold reserves in the world, with an impressive 8,133 tons to its name. This important treasure represents more than 70% of its total foreign exchange reserves.
  • In fact, the United States’ gold reserves are more than double that of the next country, Germany, which has 3,359 tons of gold.
  • It is interesting to note that countries with strong economies such as Italy, France and Germany also maintain significant gold reserves, indicating that gold remains an important asset even for the most developed nations.
  • Some countries, such as Russia and China, have been steadily accumulating gold, aligning their financial strategies to improve their gold reserves.
  • On the other hand, countries like the United Kingdom, despite having one of the largest economies in the world, maintain comparatively modest gold reserves of 310 tons.
  • The size of a country’s gold reserves does not always directly correlate with the state of its economy. Various strategic choices, historical factors and financial conditions contribute to these fascinating variations in gold ownership around the world.

Countries with the Largest Gold Reserves

The top ten countries with the highest gold reserves are the United States, Germany, Italy, France, Russia, China, Switzerland, Japan, India, and the Netherlands.

The United States leads the pack with an impressive 8,133 tons of gold reserves, followed by Germany with 3,359 tons in second place.

Italy and France are not far behind, storing an impressive 2,452 and 2,436 tons of gold reserves, respectively. Russia also boasts a significant amount of gold with 2,299 tons.

China maintains a respectable position with 1,948 tons, followed closely by Switzerland with 1,040 tons. Japan holds 846 tons of gold reserves, with India closely behind at 769 tons. Rounding out the top ten list is the Netherlands, with a solid 612 tons of gold reserves.

10 Countries with the Highest Gold Reserves:

  1. United States – 8,133
  2. Germany – 3,355
  3. Italy – 2,452
  4. France – 2,436
  5. Russia – 2,299
  6. China – 1,948
  7. Switzerland – 1,040
  8. Japan – 846
  9. India – 769
  10. Netherlands – 612
Countries with the Smallest Gold Reserves

Among the countries of the world, some have relatively low amounts of gold reserves. For example, Oman and Kenya have extremely low gold reserves, each holding only 0.02 tons of gold. Fiji and Burundi follow closely, each with a slightly higher gold reserve of 0.03 tones.

Malta has slightly higher gold reserves than the countries mentioned above, with a total of 0.06 tones. Similarly, Uruguay also has a relatively low reserve, with only 0.10 tons of gold.

On the other hand, Estonia and Chile tie on this list of low gold reserves, each with 0.25 tons of gold reserves. The Malawi has slightly more than double the gold reserves of Estonia and Chile, with 0.4 tons. 

The ten countries with the lowest gold reserves are:

  1. Oman – 0.02 tons
  2. Kenya – 0.02 tons
  3. Comoros – 0.02 tons
  4. Fiji – 0.03 tons
  5. Burundi – 0.03 tons
  6. Malta – 0.06 tons
  7. Uruguay – 0.10 tons
  8. Estonia – 0.25 tons
  9. Chile – 0.25 tons
  10. Malawi – 0.4 tons
Gold Reserves by Country